Author Archives: sitapest

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Cockroach Control Treatment

Category : Pest Control

The German cockroach is one of the most common roaches found in apartment houses, restaurants, and hotels. German cockroaches (eggs included), are “brought in”, usually on man’s belongings, luggage, boxes or packages.

All it takes is bringing in one egg capsule, six months later you have an infestation.

German Roach Control & Treatments
German Roaches & Sanitation
When beginning your German roach control program, sanitation is one of the first things to consider. German roaches only need a small amount of food to sustain them.

Remove indoor trash or keep them emptied.
Keep trash dumpsters clean.
Make sure food is not left in sink stainers and frequently run the garbage disposal.
Keep dishes clean, no residue of food remaining.
All kitchen appliances (microwaves, toasters, ovens, refrigerators and stoves) should be maintained in a clean condition so that it is food free and grease free.
All pet food needs to be picked up.
No food left out.
Sweeping or vacuuming of any food particles or crumbs.
Clean any crumbs or food particles in your kitchen cabinets.
Inspection : Look for Evidence
When inspecting for German cockroaches, thoroughness is very important. It is important to place the insecticides as close to their runways and harborages as possible. Their excrement looks like black pepper.

A flashlight would be a handy tool to check the following places.

Cracks and Crevices
Behind and under refrigerators
Behind and under stoves
Behind and under microwavesa and toasters
Under tops of tables
Behind and under sinks
Cabinets-corners and cracks and crevices
Motors of refrigerators and soft drink dispensing machines
Switchboxes and electical outlets
Under and behind cafeteria counters and soda fountains
Cash registers
Vegetable bins
Recycling bins
Meat counters and check-out stands
Meat cutting blocks
Anywhere else conditions are favorable.
Every situation may be different, inspect all places with favorable conditions

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rat leptos

What causes leptospirosis?

Category : Pest Control

rat leptosThe cause of leptospirosis is bacteria, Leptospira interrogans, a Gram-negative spirochete (spiral-shaped bacteria). The bacteria infect many types of animals (many wild animals, rodents, dogs, cats, pigs, horses, cattle, for example) that subsequently contaminate water, soil, and crops when they urinate because the bacteria are present in urine. The bacteria then infect humans when they invade through breaks in the skin or mucus membranes or when people ingest them. The bacteria multiply in the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Person-to-person transfer of this disease is rare.

What are risk factors for leptospirosis?

Risk factors include occupations that expose people to farm animals, wild animals, and to contaminated water and soil (farmers, slaughterhouse workers, veterinarians, miners, military personnel, disaster workers and victims, for example). People who participate in outdoor activities like camping or kayaking are also at higher risk for infection. Any exposure to sewage or animal waste increases risk of getting leptospirosis

What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?

Unfortunately, the symptoms and signs of leptospirosis are variable and are similar to those seen in many other diseases (dengue fever, hantavirus, brucellosis, malaria, and others). Symptoms can arise about two days to four weeks after exposure to the bacteria. Although some people have no symptoms, others may exhibit one or more of the following: high fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, rash, and reddish eyes. These symptoms usually occur in the first phase of the infection, and when present, they often occur abruptly. Some patients resolve their symptoms and do not progress to the second phase; others may seem to briefly recover but relapse with more severe symptoms and organ damage. This is the second phase of leptospirosis, called Weil’s disease. If it’s not treated, it may not resolve for several months. The death rate is about 1%-5%.

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mosquito dengue

Dengue Prevention Tips

Category : Pest Control

It’s important to prevent mosquitoes from breeding both inside and outside your home.

Inside the home, disease-causing mosquitoes commonly breed in ornamental and other containers, plant pot trays and plates, and canvas sheets/plastic sheets. Outside the home, mosquitoes can breed in perimeter drains, gully traps and discarded containers.

“It’s important to take precautions inside and outside your home to prevent mosquito breeding and contribute to dengue prevention.


You can take the following precautions to protect your home from mosquitoes:


Use insecticide sprays in dark corners (under the bed, sofa and behind curtains) and burn repellent oils inside your home
Turn over all water storage containers when empty and store them under a shelter
Cover bamboo pole holders when not in use
Loosen soil in potted plants to prevent accumulation of stagnant water on surface

Alternate days

Change water in vases/bowls
Remove water from flower/plant pot plates

Clear fallen leaves and stagnant water in scupper drains and in the garden
Clear any stagnant water in air cooler units


Clear fallen leaves and other blockages in roof gutters
Use sand granular insecticide in gully traps and roof gutters

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Rodent Prevention

Category : Pest Control

If you are trying hard to clean your attic of the army of rodents, then it’s time that you think about getting some professional help through a good rodent prevention company. Rodent prevention is not just a one line command, which requires only one line of instructions to be followed seriously to stop attic rodents. There is more to that. It’s actually a step by step process that needs to be done strategically to get the desired results.

Disappointing results from incomplete cleaning

Suppose you clear you attic off the rodents, and expect to get no more rodents inside in future. You will be utterly disappointed with the results, as all your cleaning efforts will go to vain, once a new family of rodents infests the attic once again. And this is a result of leftovers of the earlier infestation. You will need to stop attic rodents by cleaning the attic off all the remnants of the last infestation, stool and urine of rodents, any carcasses if present.


The role of a good rodent prevention company

A good rodent prevention company would thus do the job of cleaning in a well protected, safe method in a stepwise manner.

  • They will clean the attic of rodents.
  • They will clean all rodent feces, urine, carcasses, and food leftovers.
  • They will clean the place of all molds and rots that may invite other rodents.
  • They will find all opening in the attic and the house and will seal them such that no more rodents can make their way in.

This way they will stop attic rodents, and because of their systematic rodent prevention methods. They abide by all safety laws and tips to keep their men safe from germs and diseases, and you get such service only when you get a professional rodent prevention company service.

How to get professional help

To get professional rodent prevention in your locality, you should knock your friends and relatives to get references. You should also check websites and classifieds to get more knowledge. On getting info about a good company, you may contact them for rodent prevention by requesting a quote from them.

Your house location, size of attic, age of home all will affect the package you will have to pay to the company. Once you get your attic cleaned by a full professional team, you will never have the problem of another attack by rodents.

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bed bugs

Bed Bugs Pest Control Services

Category : Pest Control

These tiny brown insects feed on humans and animals alike. However, they are much more than annoying little bugs. Much like mosquitoes, there is plenty of concern that bed bugs can transmit diseases as they bite by transferring blood from person to person. These bugs can transmit deadly parasites and can lead to a number of issues if not promptly addressed. Here are some examples of diseases/conditions that can possibly be spread by these pests.

Chagas Disease

Chagas disease causes a number of different conditions, and depending on the severity, the disease can be fatal. It can also damage the heart causing fatal heart disease later in life. Fever and inflammation are common as are enlargement of the liver and spleen. The infected area will also swell. If left untreated, the condition can become chronic and impossible to get rid of. This happens as the bed bug introduced Trypanosoma cruzi, a parasite, through their feces. There is evidence that bed bugs can effectively transmit Chagas disease to live mice which leads to the question: Can bed bugs transmit Chagas to humans? Thankfully, there are no documented cases of bed bug related transmission of Chagas to humans as of yet, but experts have projected that it is still too early to completely rule out the possibility of transmission.

Allergic Reactions

Allergic reactions are common when it comes to bed bug bites. While this isn’t a disease, severe allergic reactions can be just as deadly. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include rashes, itching and swelling in the bitten area. Severe allergic reactions can lead to fatal anaphylaxis. It is important to speak with your doctor about treatment for any allergic reactions brought on by bed bug bites, and it’s even more important to remove the bed bugs from your home to prevent future problems.

HIV Transmission?

Not yet thankfully. Because bed bugs may bite multiple people or animals over the course of their lifespan, there is always the concern that they will transmit HIV. Bed bugs have tested positive for diseases like hepatitis B, but information is inconclusive about whether or not they can spread the disease to humans. In controlled laboratory settings, there has been no evidence of HIV or Hepatitis B transmission between infected bed bugs. Bed bugs are also known for carrying diseases like MRSA that are unlikely to spread to humans.

The Risk of Disease from Bed Bugs

Whenever bed bugs are found in the home, it is important that they are treated right away. As the colony grows, the potential risk for disease transmission also grows. Diseases can be spread through the saliva that comes in contact with the skin when the bug bites, or through the feces that is left behind. Dealing with the outbreak in a swift manner can reduce your personal risk. Contact a local pest control company today to help you eliminate the bed bug problem in your home and learn preventative techniques you can use in the home.


At any rate, it’s safe to say bed bugs have no place in our homes. If you suspect bed bug infestation anywhere in your home, contact a qualified bed bug removal company that uses a combination of heat, vacuuming, and light pesticide to kill bed bug harborages. Heat treatment is the single best method for eradicating bed bugs and number one EPA recommended approach to successfully ending bed bug infestations.

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Termite Pest Control

Category : Pest Control

A hybrid colony of Coptotermes termites. A king C. gestroi (nutty-brown abdomen) is shown on the left, and a queen C. formosanus(orange abdomen) on the right. They are surrounded by their hybrid offspring, including eggs, larvae, workers, and soldiers. Photo by Thomas Chouvenc, University of Florida /IFA.

Formosan subterranean termites (Coptotermes formosanus) and Asian subterranean termites (Coptotermes gestroi) are the most damaging pest species in the world. Both are highly invasive and have spread throughout many areas of the world due to human activity, and their distributions overlap in some areas.

Now scientists in Florida have observed Formosan males mating with Asian females — in fact, they seem to prefer the Asian females more than females from their own species — and their hybrid offspring seem to grow colonies twice as fast as their parents.

Many hybrids are unable to reproduce (the mule, for example, which is the sterile hybrid offspring of a male donkey and a female horse). And many hybrids that actually can reproduce tend to lose vigor after one or more generations, which is why farmers often buy new hybrid seeds each growing season.

But so far that doesn’t seem to be the case for these termite hybrids. In the laboratory, the Florida researchers are raising a hybrid colony that is growing twice as fast as same-species colonies, suggesting a potential case of hybrid vigor.

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mosquito dengue

Manila Pest Control: Cause of Dengue fever

Category : Pest Control

Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito within the genus Aedes, principally A. aegypti. The virus has five different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications. As there is no commercially available vaccine, prevention is sought by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites.

Treatment of acute dengue is supportive, using either oral or intravenous rehydration for mild or moderate disease, and intravenous fluids and blood transfusion for more severe cases. The number of cases of dengue fever has increased dramatically since the 1960s, with between 50 and 528 million people infected yearly. Early descriptions of the condition date from 1779, and its viral cause and transmission were understood by the early 20th century. Dengue has become a global problem since the Second World War and is endemic in more than 110 countries. Apart from eliminating the mosquitoes, work is ongoing on a dengue vaccine, as well as medication targeted directly at the virus.

Dengue virus is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, particularly A. aegypti. These mosquitoes usually live between the latitudes of 35° North and 35° South below an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). They typically bite during the day, particularly in the early morning and in the evening, but they are able to bite and thus spread infection at any time of day all during the year. Other Aedes species that transmit the disease include A. albopictus, A. polynesiensis and A. scutellaris. Humans are the primary host of the virus, but it also circulates in nonhuman primates. An infection can be acquired via a single bite. A female mosquito that takes a blood meal from a person infected with dengue fever, during the initial 2–10 day febrile period, becomes itself infected with the virus in the cells lining its gut. About 8–10 days later, the virus spreads to other tissues including the mosquito’s salivary glands and is subsequently released into its saliva. The virus seems to have no detrimental effect on the mosquito, which remains infected for life. Aedes aegypti is particularly involved, as it prefers to lay its eggs in artificial water containers, to live in close proximity to humans, and to feed on people rather than other vertebrates.
Dengue-fever-720x380Dengue can also be transmitted via infected blood products and through organ donation. In countries such as Singapore, where dengue is endemic, the risk is estimated to be between 1.6 and 6 per 10,000 transfusions. Vertical transmission (from mother to child) during pregnancy or at birth has been reported. Other person-to-person modes of transmission have also been reported, but are very unusual. The genetic variation in dengue viruses is region specific, suggestive that establishment into new territories is relatively infrequent, despite dengue emerging in new regions in recent decades.


When a mosquito carrying dengue virus bites a person, the virus enters the skin together with the mosquito’s saliva. It binds to and enters white blood cells, and reproduces inside the cells while they move throughout the body. The white blood cells respond by producing a number of signaling proteins, such as cytokines and interferons, which are responsible for many of the symptoms, such as the fever, the flu-like symptoms and the severe pains. In severe infection, the virus production inside the body is greatly increased, and many more organs (such as the liver and the bone marrow) can be affected. Fluid from the bloodstream leaks through the wall of small blood vessels into body cavities due to capillary permeability. As a result, less blood circulates in the blood vessels, and the blood pressure becomes so low that it cannot supply sufficient blood to vital organs. Furthermore, dysfunction of the bone marrow due to infection of the stromal cells leads to reduced numbers of platelets, which are necessary for effective blood clotting; this increases the risk of bleeding, the other major complication of dengue fever.

Viral replication
Once inside the skin, dengue virus binds to Langerhans cells (a population of dendritic cells in the skin that identifies pathogens). The virus enters the cells through binding between viral proteins and membrane proteins on the Langerhans cell, specifically the C-type lectins called DC-SIGN, mannose receptor and CLEC5A.DC-SIGN, a non-specific receptor for foreign material on dendritic cells, seems to be the main point of entry. The dendritic cell moves to the nearest lymph node. Meanwhile, the virus genome is translated in membrane-bound vesicles on the cell’s endoplasmic reticulum, where the cell’s protein synthesis apparatus produces new viral proteins that replicate the viral RNA and begin to form viral particles. Immature virus particles are transported to the Golgi apparatus, the part of the cell where some of the proteins receive necessary sugar chains (glycoproteins). The now mature new viruses bud on the surface of the infected cell and are released by exocytosis. They are then able to enter other white blood cells, such as monocytes and macrophages.

The initial reaction of infected cells is to produce interferon, a cytokine that raises a number of defenses against viral infection through the innate immune system by augmenting the production of a large group of proteins mediated by the JAK-STAT pathway. Some serotypes of dengue virus appear to have mechanisms to slow down this process. Interferon also activates the adaptive immune system, which leads to the generation of antibodies against the virus as well as T cells that directly attack any cell infected with the virus. Various antibodies are generated; some bind closely to the viral proteins and target them for phagocytosis (ingestion by specialized cells and destruction), but some bind the virus less well and appear instead to deliver the virus into a part of the phagocytes where it is not destroyed but is able to replicate further.

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Pets Tick Pest Control Solutions

Category : Pest Control


Most ticks require a blood meal for each developmental stage. They will insert a barbed mouthpart into the skin and “cement” their mouthparts to the surface where they will feed for several days. They can serve as vectors for several disease organisms. The following information will help you reduce tick habitats.

Actual Size: 1/8″


  • Most ticks have hard bodies with dark colors
  • They have 2 body regions and 8 legs
  • The larva (seed ticks) have only 6 legs
  • The body becomes 3 times normal size when engorged with blood

Biology & Habitats:

  • Larvae and nymphs will feed on small animals up to 2 weeks until they are engorged. At that point, they will drop off the host and molt.
  • The adults will feed on larger animals which include humans.
  • Females will lay up to 6,000 eggs.
  • Ticks are attracted to animal scents and therefore will be located along roads, paths, and trails.
  • Adults will crawl up weedy vegetation, cling to it and wave their legs to grasp onto any passing host.
  • They are most abundant in June and July.
  • The brown dog tick feeds almost exclusively on dogs and can complete its life cycle indoors unlike most other ticks.

How you can modify your environment to reduce tick habitats:

  • Cut grass and trim vegetation regularly.
  • Keep pets within the mowed areas.
  • Keep items away from the property that may attract rodents and wildlife, such as bird feeders, acorns, berries, woodpiles, decks in poor repair, etc.
  • If property is up against a wooded area, create a 1-foot barrier with gravel along the property line to create a ?safe zone?.

Personal Protection:

  • Keep pants legs tucked into shoes, button and tuck in shirts, and wear long sleeves when traveling in wooded areas.
  • Apply DEET according to label instructions.
  • Continue to check children and pets for ticks especially around the neck and head.

Tick Removal:

  • If a tick is attached to skin, it should be removed immediately.
  • Use tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible and pull gently.
  • Disinfect bite immediately.
  • The use of nail polish and Vaseline is discouraged so as to prevent infection.

Home Preparation:

    • The dog should be treated by a veterinarian in conjunction with the home, preferably on the same day.

– Products that contain Amatraz are the most effective.

  • Remove all stored items from floors, under beds, and closets to make treatment accessible.
  • Comforters and sheets should be washed and dried (high heat).
  • Steam clean infant rooms. Pesticide will not be applied here.
  • Remove pet food, water dishes; disconnect and cover fish tanks; remove other pets.
  • Wash, dry-clean, or destroy all pet bedding.
  • People and pets should be out of the house for 4 hours after treatment.

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Prevent Roaches from Taking Over

Category : Pest Control

Cockroaches – anybody can become a victim of them, and nobody wants them in their home. Cockroaches are unwanted for good reasons- they contaminate food and food prep areas, carry and transmit many human pathogens like bacteria and even parasitic worms, and can trigger asthma attacks in people particularly in very young children. It is very important to protect yourself and your home from becoming victim to disease ridden cockroaches by taking the steps necessary to prevent them from invading in the first place.

Believe it or not cockroaches do have some good qualities; they are very robust and resilient and have survived long past many other creatures; and when found outside they are very beneficial to the environment- they break down and get rid of decaying organic materials.

Now time for their bad qualities; before becoming a pest in your home cockroaches were living in or traveling through sewers, garbage, drains, feces, and animal carcasses. None of those places are the picture of cleanliness, meaning that all the germs and bacteria that are on their bodies and legs will be in your home on counters, in the pantry and kitchen, in bathrooms, in cabinets and drawers, and on utensils.

Knowing how to prevent cockroaches from gaining access to your home is the best way to prevent your home from being taken over by these pests.

  • Keep cockroaches out of your home by making sure that any cracks in your home’s foundation are sealed, caulk gaps found around windows and doors- especially in basement areas, and install door sweeps underneath of exterior doors.
  • Remove garbage from the inside of your home on a regular basis and store it in a sealed container, preferably with a locking lid, outside and away from the exterior of your home until garbage day.
  • Reduce areas of moisture in and around your home. Make sure that your home’s gutters are not clogged and are working properly to direct moisture away from the outside of your house. Inside of your home make sure to use dehumidifiers and/or air-conditioners to reduce humidity levels.
  • Keep pet food in plastic sealed containers, pick up and remove any uneaten pet food.
  • Make sure to routinely wash dirty dishes in kitchen and pantry areas, pick up spills and crumbs, and clean behind large appliances. Food should be stored in plastic or glass containers with tight fitting lids or in the refrigerator, not out on counters or on the table.
  • Inspect packages that are sent to your home before bringing them inside. Check items for rips, tears, and signs of cockroaches before purchasing them from the store.

Cockroaches are sneaky pests, and despite your best effort to keep them out, they could still find a tiny break in your defenses. If they have found a way into your home, don’t despair! The pest control experts at Schendel can quickly, safely, and effectively remove an infestation from your home.

Our Premium Care program provides initial interior and exterior services, along with follow- up quarterly visits to provide you with year-round protection against cockroaches and other common household pests. And with our Pest-Zero Guarantee- there is no charge for treatments that are needed between services! With SITA,  you can be confident that cockroaches will be eliminated from your home and that they will be kept out of it for good! For more information about our home pest control services, please contact us today!

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bat pest control

Bats in the Belfry: How to get them out!

Category : Pest Control

Ok, so maybe you don’t have a belfry, but more commonly you may find that bats have snuck into your attic.  If you aren’t that interested in sharing your home with the bats because maybe you don’t like the idea of bats defecating in your home, soiling and tearing up insulation or bringing in parasites like mites, fleas and ticks… then read on!

First, we like to start by saying that solving a bat problem is no easy task.  Truthfully, doing it yourself, while possible, is not highly recommended. Trained experts are better equipped with the knowledge and tools to safely and humanely remove the bats, which is done through a process called exclusion.  The exclusion process means that bats will not be harmed in the process.

Exclusion techniques include:

  • INSPECTION: Identifying wildlife travel routes. You will want to understand where and how they are getting in and assess the damage.
  • SEALING:  Bats have several entry points, so it is important to seal all possible active entry/exit points around entire roofline from gutter to peak of roof, including dormers, ridge vents, louver vents, flashing, rake boards and large openings.  By sealing off all the tiny cracks ahead of the exclusion will prevent them from getting back in.
  • EXCLUSION: Installing one-way doors at suspected exit points, which will be removed once animals are no longer present.  This is easier said than done.  Expert installation is required to allow bats to fly out but not fly back in.  Once bats are 100% gone the remaining holes should be sealed up.
  • CLEAN UP:  Now the messy part… because bat droppings and urine can cause damage like mold, corrosion and other issues, the contaminated area should be cleaned.  This can involving vacuuming, insulation replacement and more.  Of course, biohazard suits and protective gear will be required to protect yourself.