Category Archives: Pest Control

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Dengue Prevention Tips

Category : Pest Control

It’s important to prevent mosquitoes from breeding both inside and outside your home.



Inside the home, disease-causing mosquitoes commonly breed in ornamental and other containers, plant pot trays and plates, and canvas sheets/plastic sheets. Outside the home, mosquitoes can breed in perimeter drains, gully traps and discarded containers.

“It’s important to take precautions inside and outside your home to prevent mosquito breeding and contribute to dengue prevention.

 

You can take the following precautions to protect your home from mosquitoes:

Daily

Use insecticide sprays in dark corners (under the bed, sofa and behind curtains) and burn repellent oils inside your home
Turn over all water storage containers when empty and store them under a shelter
Cover bamboo pole holders when not in use
Loosen soil in potted plants to prevent accumulation of stagnant water on surface

Alternate days

Change water in vases/bowls
Remove water from flower/plant pot plates
Weekly

Clear fallen leaves and stagnant water in scupper drains and in the garden
Clear any stagnant water in air cooler units

Monthly

Clear fallen leaves and other blockages in roof gutters
Use sand granular insecticide in gully traps and roof gutters


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What causes leptospirosis?

Category : Pest Control

rat leptosThe cause of leptospirosis is bacteria, Leptospira interrogans, a Gram-negative spirochete (spiral-shaped bacteria). The bacteria infect many types of animals (many wild animals, rodents, dogs, cats, pigs, horses, cattle, for example) that subsequently contaminate water, soil, and crops when they urinate because the bacteria are present in urine. The bacteria then infect humans when they invade through breaks in the skin or mucus membranes or when people ingest them. The bacteria multiply in the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Person-to-person transfer of this disease is rare.

What are risk factors for leptospirosis?

Risk factors include occupations that expose people to farm animals, wild animals, and to contaminated water and soil (farmers, slaughterhouse workers, veterinarians, miners, military personnel, disaster workers and victims, for example). People who participate in outdoor activities like camping or kayaking are also at higher risk for infection. Any exposure to sewage or animal waste increases risk of getting leptospirosis

What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?

Unfortunately, the symptoms and signs of leptospirosis are variable and are similar to those seen in many other diseases (dengue fever, hantavirus, brucellosis, malaria, and others). Symptoms can arise about two days to four weeks after exposure to the bacteria. Although some people have no symptoms, others may exhibit one or more of the following: high fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, rash, and reddish eyes. These symptoms usually occur in the first phase of the infection, and when present, they often occur abruptly. Some patients resolve their symptoms and do not progress to the second phase; others may seem to briefly recover but relapse with more severe symptoms and organ damage. This is the second phase of leptospirosis, called Weil’s disease. If it’s not treated, it may not resolve for several months. The death rate is about 1%-5%.


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Fend off viral infections with hand hygiene

Category : Pest Control

Alongside seasonal influenza, viral pathogens cause pandemics like the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) at regular intervals. In this article, we explain why preventive measures must play a key role in fighting these viruses.
Viruses are microscopic organisms. At only about 20 to 300 nanometers, viruses are many times smaller than bacteria or fungi. Strictly speaking, viruses are typically not categorized as living organisms because they lack a metabolism. Nevertheless, they can multiply in a corresponding host cell and cause illness to the host. The body’s own cells are destroyed by the pathogens which triggers defensive reactions – often displayed as symptoms.

What makes viruses so dangerous?
There are viral infections that cause mild symptoms and those that can be extremely dangerous – particularly for those with pre-existing conditions – even with state-of-the-art treatment. The Ebola virus, which led to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa between 2014 and 2016, is one of the most dangerous pathogens in the world. More than 28,000 people fell ill at the time, of which 11,300 died

In contrast to bacterial infections, medications made for viral diseases often have limited efficacy. So-called antiviral medications do exist as effective, but typically only help individually against very specific strains of the viruses. Typically the body has to fight off the disease on its own, while and medications treat the symptoms. Prevention therefore plays a key role in preventing deaths from viruses.

Vaccinations are available for a wide range of infectious diseases. In a vaccination, the body is injected with pathogens that are either already killed or rendered harmless. The body’s response is to form suitable antibodies. If the same pathogen enters the body again, the active cells produce corresponding antibodies much faster than if they had not previously been exposed to the vaccine. A prime example of the successful implementation of vaccinations is the worldwide use of smallpox vaccines in the later 20th century. The enormous global effort to contain the disease eventually led to its eradication.

But viruses are constantly changing and mutating to find new ways to infect a host cell. To protect against mutating viruses, new vaccines must be regularly developed. For example, new vaccines are frequently created to combat the ever-mutating influenza virus that causes the seasonal flu epidemic. Despite offensive vaccination campaigns, more than 180,000 people in Germany alone contracted influenza. Prevailing vaccination gaps are just one reason.


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Manila Pest Control: Cause of Dengue fever

Category : Pest Control

Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito within the genus Aedes, principally A. aegypti. The virus has five different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications. As there is no commercially available vaccine, prevention is sought by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites.

Treatment of acute dengue is supportive, using either oral or intravenous rehydration for mild or moderate disease, and intravenous fluids and blood transfusion for more severe cases. The number of cases of dengue fever has increased dramatically since the 1960s, with between 50 and 528 million people infected yearly. Early descriptions of the condition date from 1779, and its viral cause and transmission were understood by the early 20th century. Dengue has become a global problem since the Second World War and is endemic in more than 110 countries. Apart from eliminating the mosquitoes, work is ongoing on a dengue vaccine, as well as medication targeted directly at the virus.

Dengue virus is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, particularly A. aegypti. These mosquitoes usually live between the latitudes of 35° North and 35° South below an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). They typically bite during the day, particularly in the early morning and in the evening, but they are able to bite and thus spread infection at any time of day all during the year. Other Aedes species that transmit the disease include A. albopictus, A. polynesiensis and A. scutellaris. Humans are the primary host of the virus, but it also circulates in nonhuman primates. An infection can be acquired via a single bite. A female mosquito that takes a blood meal from a person infected with dengue fever, during the initial 2–10 day febrile period, becomes itself infected with the virus in the cells lining its gut. About 8–10 days later, the virus spreads to other tissues including the mosquito’s salivary glands and is subsequently released into its saliva. The virus seems to have no detrimental effect on the mosquito, which remains infected for life. Aedes aegypti is particularly involved, as it prefers to lay its eggs in artificial water containers, to live in close proximity to humans, and to feed on people rather than other vertebrates.
Dengue-fever-720x380Dengue can also be transmitted via infected blood products and through organ donation. In countries such as Singapore, where dengue is endemic, the risk is estimated to be between 1.6 and 6 per 10,000 transfusions. Vertical transmission (from mother to child) during pregnancy or at birth has been reported. Other person-to-person modes of transmission have also been reported, but are very unusual. The genetic variation in dengue viruses is region specific, suggestive that establishment into new territories is relatively infrequent, despite dengue emerging in new regions in recent decades.

 

Mechanism
When a mosquito carrying dengue virus bites a person, the virus enters the skin together with the mosquito’s saliva. It binds to and enters white blood cells, and reproduces inside the cells while they move throughout the body. The white blood cells respond by producing a number of signaling proteins, such as cytokines and interferons, which are responsible for many of the symptoms, such as the fever, the flu-like symptoms and the severe pains. In severe infection, the virus production inside the body is greatly increased, and many more organs (such as the liver and the bone marrow) can be affected. Fluid from the bloodstream leaks through the wall of small blood vessels into body cavities due to capillary permeability. As a result, less blood circulates in the blood vessels, and the blood pressure becomes so low that it cannot supply sufficient blood to vital organs. Furthermore, dysfunction of the bone marrow due to infection of the stromal cells leads to reduced numbers of platelets, which are necessary for effective blood clotting; this increases the risk of bleeding, the other major complication of dengue fever.

Viral replication
Once inside the skin, dengue virus binds to Langerhans cells (a population of dendritic cells in the skin that identifies pathogens). The virus enters the cells through binding between viral proteins and membrane proteins on the Langerhans cell, specifically the C-type lectins called DC-SIGN, mannose receptor and CLEC5A.DC-SIGN, a non-specific receptor for foreign material on dendritic cells, seems to be the main point of entry. The dendritic cell moves to the nearest lymph node. Meanwhile, the virus genome is translated in membrane-bound vesicles on the cell’s endoplasmic reticulum, where the cell’s protein synthesis apparatus produces new viral proteins that replicate the viral RNA and begin to form viral particles. Immature virus particles are transported to the Golgi apparatus, the part of the cell where some of the proteins receive necessary sugar chains (glycoproteins). The now mature new viruses bud on the surface of the infected cell and are released by exocytosis. They are then able to enter other white blood cells, such as monocytes and macrophages.

The initial reaction of infected cells is to produce interferon, a cytokine that raises a number of defenses against viral infection through the innate immune system by augmenting the production of a large group of proteins mediated by the JAK-STAT pathway. Some serotypes of dengue virus appear to have mechanisms to slow down this process. Interferon also activates the adaptive immune system, which leads to the generation of antibodies against the virus as well as T cells that directly attack any cell infected with the virus. Various antibodies are generated; some bind closely to the viral proteins and target them for phagocytosis (ingestion by specialized cells and destruction), but some bind the virus less well and appear instead to deliver the virus into a part of the phagocytes where it is not destroyed but is able to replicate further.


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Why is Pest Control Still Important During COVID-19 Pandemic?

Category : Pest Control

Many businesses have had to close or severely alter how they operate during the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic to help flatten the curve and stop the spread of the virus.

One thing that hasn’t changed is the presence of pests. They’re still out there, still trying to get into our homes and businesses. And just because a business is temporarily closed doesn’t mean it’s vacant. Cats Eye King is here to help!

How Are Closed Businesses Affected?

Many businesses had to suddenly close their doors when stay-at-home orders were issued. This means that important sanitation steps may have been missed. Restaurants are especially vulnerable to this because of food and food waste like grease being overlooked. Offices have similar issues due to food at people’s desks and in break rooms. In addition to food and water, pests also search for warmth and shelter inside structures.

What Pests Should You Look Out For?

Some of the most common pests businesses will have to deal with during the pandemic are rats, mice, cockroaches, and flies.

Rats

  • Rats can fit through a hole the size of a quarter.
  • Rats are also rodents and like mice, they chew on objects such as pipes, furniture, wood molding, plastic, aluminum, and electrical wiring to help keep their teeth short and sharp.
  • Rats are used to abundant food trash from humans, and those resources are no longer there.
  • When usual food sources are gone, rats will start to seek out other options, such as inside businesses like restaurants and offices.
  • While there’s no evidence rats can become infected with COVID-19, Dr. Corrigan does worry that rats could become a vector for the virus by scurrying through sewer pipes full of human waste and carrying it indoors.

Cockroaches

  • Cockroaches can access a structure by crawling through small holes and cracks around doors and windows and by hitching rides on bags, packages, and other things brought inside.
  • German cockroaches carry pathogens that can cause food poisoning and dysentery.
  • Infestations can quickly become severe because cockroaches reproduce rapidly.
  • They lay up to 40 eggs at a time, which mature in about two months.

Flies

  • Flies will get in through small holes and gaps in doors and windows.
  • They feed on garbage and sewage and pick up germs like E. coli and Salmonella.
  • They spread these pathogens to your employees and clients by contaminating food and water.
  • Drain and fruit fly populations will quickly multiply if gone unchecked

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How does the new coronavirus spread?

Category : Pest Control

Here’s how you could catch COVID-19.

The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 appears to be fairly easily spread. But the good news is that it’s not among the most transmissible diseases out there.

The new coronavirus spreads mostly through person-to-person contact within about a 6-foot (1.8 meters) radius, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). People with COVID-19, which is the disease caused by the coronavirus, spread viral particles through coughing and sneezing. The particles can land in the mouths or noses of those nearby.

It might also be possible to catch SARS-CoV-2 by touching a surface where the virus has recently landed and then touching one’s mouth, nose or eyes, but CDC officials believe this method of transmission is less common. Some coronaviruses can live on surfaces for days, but not much is known about the new coronavirus’ ability to survive on surfaces. Fortunately, ethanol, hydrogen-peroxide or bleach-based cleaners are effective at killing those coronaviruses that do survive on surfaces.

Unlike some extremely contagious pathogens, the virus is not thought to spread via smaller droplets that can remain airborne for long periods of time. Measles, for example, can live in the air for hours after an infected person coughs or sneezes. This is not currently believed to be the case for SARS-CoV-2. 

There is limited evidence that the new coronavirus can spread through feces as well. A small study of the stool samples of those diagnosed with COVID-19 found that viral particles in those stools looked viable under a microscope. “This means that stool samples may contaminate hands, food, water, etc.,” the China CDC wrote in the report. For instance, if a person didn’t wash their hands after touching a surface contaminated with infected stool residue, there’s a chance they could become infected if they touch their eyes, nose or mouth with their hands, Live Science previously reported.

To avoid catching the new coronavirus, health officials recommend avoiding close contact with people who are sick. Face masks are not effective protection for people who are well, but people who are already ill can wear them to reduce the likelihood that they’ll cough or sneeze droplets on loved ones. A face mask is not a substitute for staying home when you’re sick, Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University in Tennessee, told Live Science.

The CDC also recommends avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Frequent hand-washing — 20 seconds, with soap and water — and 60%-95% alcohol-based hand sanitizers can kill the virus.


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Save Your Home From Termites by Recognizing Three Important Indicators

Category : Pest Control

An untreated termite infestation can threaten the stability of your home. Unfortunately, termites often live and thrive in a house for months or even years before they’re discovered. Luckily, learning how to recognize certain indicators can help you spot an invasion before the termites can eat their way through your walls
Termite Droppings
Like most pests that invade our homes, termites leave behind droppings. However, if you’ve never come into contact with the insects before you can easily overlook this inconspicuous sign. Termite droppings, also known as frass, resemble wood shavings and are often spotted near window sills or in less frequented areas, such as crawl spaces or basements. If you believe your home is infested, and you’re searching for evidence, pay close attention to the nooks and crannies around your house. If you do spot termite droppings call your pest control company, immediately.
Hollow Wood
Due to a termite’s attraction to dark and humid areas, the bug generally does not feed on the surface of wood. Unfortunately, this makes detecting their presence a complicated process. If you suspect your home has a termite problem, knocking on your walls and hearing a hollow sound can alert you to an infestation. However, clearer evidence can occur when termites create galleries that run closer to the surface. The damage will cause cracks to appear in the wood. If you find unusual fissures on your walls, floors or ceiling don’t ignore them; otherwise the issue will only get worse.
Termite Wings
Termite swarmers are not a common occurrence, but when they are seen, it usually indicates a nest is close by. Flying termites are fertile males and females searching for a mate. While their presence outside of your home doesn’t necessarily signify an infestation, it does warrant an inspection. On the other hand, if you see them inside or you spot discarded termite wings on the floor of your house the likelihood of a nest in your home is extremely high.
If you’ve discovered one or more of these indicators in your home, please contact us today to schedule a termite inspection.


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Bee Exterminator Expert

Category : Pest Control


Bees in Your Yard

Finding bees in your garden or backyard is not necessarily reason to panic. Bees can travel long distances in their search for food. If there are just a few around, it’s likely that the hive or colony is quite a distance away, and you will probably not need to worry about bee extermination just yet. But keep an eye on the situation, as sometimes the first few bees are “scouts” who are scoping out a location for their new colony.

Bees Near Your Home
Bees clustering close to your home can be a red flag. Bees establish colonies in dark, cavernous places where they build complex nests. These homes of up to 60,000 individuals are usually established inside trees, but if they can get in through a crack or gap, that cavern could be within your exterior walls. Unlike yellow jacket hives, which only last one year, honey bee colonies are permanent. If you find honey bees entering and exiting a hole in your wall or in the eaves of your home, it’s time to call a bee extermination professional.

The Steps of Bee Removal
Eliminating a bee problem is more complicated than just spraying a little pesticide. In order to get rid of bees and keep them away, your bee removal professional should take the following steps:

1. Locating and killing the bees themselves. This usually involves targeted chemical spraying by your bee removal professional. 2. Removing the dead bees, honeycombs, or hives, and any honey inside the home. This is important because if left there, the sweetness of the honey and honeycombs will attract mice, flies, and other pests. 3. Sealing up spaces. By caulking cracks and cleaning thoroughly, a bee extermination expert can see to it that the bee problem doesn’t surface again.

Special Bee Extermination Considerations
The most important thing you can do to prevent bee problems is to keep from attracting bees. Garbage bins should be covered tightly so that bees aren’t attracted to the smell of sweet rubbish, such as soda cans, rotting fruit and so on. To keep from giving them shelter, fill all cracks and holes in the walls and eaves of your house, and make sure screens are tight.

It’s nearly impossible to tell “killer” Africanized honey bees from “regular” European honey bees. The main difference is that they are more temperamental, and defend their colonies more intensely and with less provocation. This makes it more important than ever to find a qualified, experienced bee extermination expert to deal with your bee removal.

Allergic reactions to bee stings can be quite serious. Symptoms range from itching and swelling to severe reactions such as difficulty breathing and loss of consciousness. Homeowners with children should be especially careful when it comes to bee removal.


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Avoiding Summer Pests

Category : Pest Control

Summer is the perfect time for outdoor activities with family and friends; like hiking, camping, playing at the park and swimming etc. Unfortunately, summer also provides an excellent environment for thousands of species of insects to thrive and multiply, which often times can put a damper on the fun summer activities that you have planned. No one wants to be bit or stung by mosquitoes, ants and black legged ticks while out hiking or camping, but the fact is that many pests thrive in the summer. These pests aren’t just annoying – they can transmit dangerous diseases too!


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The Importance of Pest Prevention

Category : Pest Control

When you wake to a cockroach scurrying under the door or come home to a line of ants parading through the kitchen, the need for pest control is evident. But what about those bugs and insects that make their way into your home unnoticed? In this article, we will explore the importance of preventing Huntersville pests, rather than having to treat the problem later.

What pests are likely to take up residence in my home?
In Huntersville, common household pests include anything from the brown-banded cockroach to the more threatening brown recluse spider. While the level of threat varies among these different species, you probably don’t want your family exposed to anything of the sort. Professional pest control technicians can make sure you’re home is well-protected.

Why is preventive pest control important?
Pest prevention in Huntersville is crucial to the health and wellness of your family. Known to carry harmful bacteria that can cause illnesses, pests can transmit diseases by way of contact with anything from your food supply to your toothbrush. Since they don’t often leave physical evidence behind, you might not even realize your home is infested until you have already been exposed to any of pathogens that trigger asthmatic reactions or illnesses like Salmonella or E. Coli.

What about DIY pest control?
When it comes to treating your home for pests, it’s important to hire a professional to make sure you are getting the safest, most effective solution. Storebought formulas can be accidentally overapplied, putting your family at risk of unnecessary chemical exposure. Many pest control companies provide reduced-risk, organic options. However, in addition to using the help of a professional, there are several things you can do to prevent pest problems in your home:

  • Seal cracks and crevices in exterior walls to prevent pest entry.
  • Add drain covers to your sinks and showers.
  • Screen your windows as an added barrier from the outdoors.
  • Trim back shrubbery and trees from the exterior of your home.
  • If you are interested in learning more about preventive pest control, or would like to schedule your free same-day inspection, go ahead and give us a call!